Starting a government?

List of declarations of independence

Region Declaration Date Year Parent Signatories First recognising state

Albania Albanian Declaration of Independence November 28 1912 Ottoman Empire

United Provinces of South America

(present day Argentina, Uruguay and Bolivia) Argentine Declaration of Independence July 9 1816 Spain Congress of Tucumán Kingdom of Hawaii

Armenia Democratic Republic of Armenia May 28 1918 Russian Empire Armenian Congress of Eastern Armenians Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF Dashnak) Russia

Azerbaijan Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan May 28 1918 Russian Empire Ottoman Empire

Bangladesh Bangladeshi Declaration of Independence March 26 1971 Pakistan Bhutan

Belarus Belavezha Accords December 8 1991 Soviet Union Presidents of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus Turkey

Belgium Belgian Declaration of Independence October 4 1830 Netherlands Provisional Government of Belgium

Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnian Declaration of Independence March 1 1992 Yugoslavia Bulgaria

Brazil Brazilian declaration of independence September 7 1822 Portugal Pedro I of Brazil United States

Bulgaria Bulgarian Declaration of Independence September 22 1908 Ottoman Empire Ferdinand of Bulgaria and the Government of Bulgaria Russian Empire (5 February 1909)

Republic of Carpathian Ruthenia Carpathian Ruthenia Declaration of Independence October 25 2008 Ukraine Congress Of Carpathian Ruthenians

Catalonia Declaration of the Catalan Republic as a state of the Iberian Federation April 14 1931 Spain Francesc Macià, Generalitat Government of Catalonia

Catalonia Declaration of the Catalan state within the Federal Republic of Spain October 6 1934 Spain Lluis Companys, Generalitat Government of Catalonia

Central America Central American declarations of independence September 15 1821 Spain

Chile Chilean Declaration of Independence February 12 1818 Spain National Congress Portugal

Colombia Colombian Declaration of Independence July 20 1810 Spain

Croatia Croatian Declaration of Independence June 25 1991 Yugoslavia Iceland

Dominican Republic Dominican Declaration of Independence February 27 1844 Haiti

East Timor East Timorese declaration of independence November 28 1975 Portugal Morocco

Egypt Unilateral Declaration of Egyptian Independence February 28 1922 United Kingdom Unilateral grant of independence by the British government United Kingdom

Estonia Estonian Declaration of Independence February 24 1918 Russia Salvation Committee Russian SFSR

Estonia Estonian Reconfirmation of Independence August 20 1991 Soviet Union Congress of Estonia Iceland (reconfirmed earlier recognition)

Finland Finnish Declaration of Independence December 6 1917 Russia Parliament of Finland

Florida Florida's Constitution of 1861 January 10 1861 United States Florida Legislature

Georgia Georgian declaration of independence April 9 1991 Soviet Union Germany

Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia's secession declaration January 29 1861 United States

Greece Greek Declaration of Independence January 1 OS 1822 Ottoman Empire First National Assembly Haiti (1822)

Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau Declaration of Independence September 24 1973 Portugal

Haiti Haitian Declaration of Independence January 1 1804 France Jean-Jacques Dessalines

Hungary Hungarian Declaration of Independence April 17 1848 Austrian Empire

Iceland Icelandic Declaration of Independence June 17 1944 Denmark United States

Iraq Iraq Declaration of Independence October 3 1932 United Kingdom United Kingdom

India Indian speeches about independence August 15 1947 United Kingdom

Indonesia Proclamation of Indonesian Independence August 17 1945 Netherlands Sukarno & Mohammad Hatta Egypt

Ireland Proclamation of the Irish Republic April 24 1916 United Kingdom Irish Volunteers

Irish Citizen Army

Irish Republic Irish Declaration of Independence January 21 1919 United Kingdom Dáil Éireann Russian SFSR

Israel Israeli Declaration of Independence May 14 1948 United Kingdom Jewish People's Council United States

Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus Northern Epirote Declaration of Independence February 28 1914 Albania Provisional Government of Northern Epirus

Katanga Katangan Declaration of Independence 1960 Congo (Léopoldville)

Korea Korean Declaration of Independence March 1 1919 Japan

Republic of Kosovo Kosovo Declaration of Independence February 17 2008 Costa Rica

Republic of Lakotah Republic of Lakotah declaration of independence December 19 2007 United States of America Lakota Freedom Delegation

Latvia On the Restoration of Independence of the Republic of Latvia May 4 1990 Soviet Union Supreme Soviet of the Latvian SSR Iceland

Liberia Liberian Declaration of Independence July 16 1847 American Colonization Society Liberian Constitutional Convention United Kingdom

Lithuania Act of Independence of Lithuania February 16 1918 Germany, Russia Council of Lithuania Germany

Lithuania Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania March 11 1990 Soviet Union Supreme Council of Lithuania Iceland

Republic of Macedonia Independence of the Republic of Macedonia September 8 1991 Yugoslavia Bulgaria

Federation of Malaya

(present day Malaysia) Proclamation of Malayan Independence August 31 1957 United Kingdom Tunku Abdul Rahman, Prime Minister of Malaysia United Kingdom[1]

Mississippi A Declaration of the Immediate Causes which Induce and Justify the Secession of the State of Mississippi from the Federal Union January 9 1861 United States

Moldova Declaration of Independence of the Republic of Moldova August 27 1991 Soviet Union Parliament of the Republic of Moldova Romania

Morocco Moroccan Declaration of Independence January 11 1944 France Istiqlal Party

Montenegro Montenegro declaration of independence June 3 2006 Serbia and Montenegro Assembly of the Republic of Montenegro Iceland

Moskitia Moskitia declaration of independence August 2009 Nicaragua

Netherlands Act of Abjuration July 26 1581 Spanish Empire Union of Utrecht

New Zealand Declaration of the Independence of New Zealand October 28 1835 — M?ori chiefs United Kingdom[2]

Northern America

(present day Mexico) Solemn Act of the Declaration of Independence of Northern America November 6 1813 Spain Congress of Anáhuac

Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Declaration of Independence of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus November 15 1983 Cyprus Turkey

Norway Constitution of Norway May 17 1814 Union according to Treaty of Kiel Constitutional assembly

Pakistan Qarardad-e-Pakistan (Declaration of Independence) August 14 1947 United Kingdom, British India Pakistan Muslim League

Palestine Palestinian Declaration of Independence November 15 1988 Palestinian territories Palestinian National Council Arab League

Papua New Guinea Independence Day September 16 1975 Australia/United Kingdom First Prime Minister: Michael Somare

Peru Act of the Declaration of Independence of Peru July 28 1821 Spain José de San Martín

Philippines Philippine Declaration of Independence June 12 1898 Spain Emilio Aguinaldo, Katipunan United States

Rhodesia Rhodesian Unilateral Declaration of Independence November 11 1965 United Kingdom Ian Smith and the rest of the Cabinet none

Romania Romanian Declaration of Independence May 22 1877 Ottoman Empire King Carol I

Russia Belavezha Accords (de-facto)

Officially never declared "independence", to become successor to the Soviet Union. December 8 1991 Soviet Union Presidents of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus

Kingdom of Scotland Declaration of Arbroath April 6 1320 Kingdom of England Scottish leaders

Serbia The Proclamation (Progla?enije/????????????) February 1809 Ottoman Empire Kara?or?e Petrovi? and Serbian MPs

Singapore Proclamation of Singapore[3] August 9 1965 Malaysia[4][5] Lee Kuan Yew, Prime Minister of Singapore United Kingdom (confirmed earlier recognition)[6]

Slovenia Slovenian Declaration of Independence June 25 1991 Yugoslavia Croatia

Somaliland Somaliland Declaration of Independence May 18 1991 Somalia none

South Carolina Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union December 24 1860 United States South Carolinians in Charleston

Southern Cameroons Southern Cameroons Declaration of Independence December 31 1999 Cameroon none

Sri Lanka Declaration of Independence of Sri Lanka (Then known as "Ceylon") February 4 1948 United Kingdom none

Texas, Republic of Texas Declaration of Independence March 2 1836 Mexico France

Texas A Declaration of the Causes which Impel the State of Texas to Secede from the Federal Union February 1 1861 United States Texas Legislature

Tibet Tibet's Declaration of Independence 1913 China 13th Dalai Lama none

Ukraine Declaration of Independence of Ukraine August 24 1991 Soviet Union Verkhovna Rada Poland

United States United States Declaration of Independence July 4 1776 Great Britain Second Continental Congress Morocco[7]

Uzbekistan Declaration of Independence August 31 1991 Soviet Union Supreme Council of Uzbekistan Turkey

Venezuela Venezuelan Declaration of Independence July 5 1811 Kingdom of Spain Representatives of the States of Venezuela

Vietnam Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam September 2 1945 Japan H? Chí Minh Soviet Union

Québec (Lower Canada) Declaration of Independence of Lower Canada February 22 1838 Great Britain Robert Nelson none


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