How does biomass energy work?

How does biomass energy work?

 

Liked this question? Tell your friends about it

4 Answers

Order by
Oldest to Newest
Newest to Oldest
Votes

Biomass  covers a number of opportunities, from collecting Methane from garbage, converting organic garbage into diesel, to methanol from corn or other biomass products.

In a larger sense, remember that coal was once biomass, as was crude oil.

Investing in Human Capital is the most rewarding activity; free-market utilization of Human Capital is the least expensive path to success. Don't whine about problems without thinking of a free-market, economically rational, and socially pragmatic solution.

Biomass energy, at the level of consumption, is virtually indistinguishable from other energy. The main difference is its source.

This process works by the degradation and break down of organic materials into methane gas. Essentially any thing that "rots" will release methane gas, this can be harvested, contained, and burned to produce heat which can be applied to make steam to drive turbines etc.

Biomass technology uses a multi-facted approach to convert what was once unusable garbage to clean and sustainable fuel and salable energy, usually in the form of steam for power generation and for the cooking of raw sewage to eliminate microorganisms before the effluent is discharged.

One process uses scrap paper that is unsuitable for recycling into other paper products, mainly recovered from septic tank effluent, greasy paper from landfills, and municipal effluent.  Basically any cellulose refuse that cannot be re-used any other way is subject to acid treatment and alcohol conversion.

We run the effluent solids through a magnetic separator, which kicks out aluminum or copper and grabs onto ferrous metals.  The remaining brown mass may contain anything from assorted plastics to dead animals.  We further separate the brown mass in a digester where we use synthetic pepsin and HCl to "digest" whatever protein there is in the mass.  We siphon off the resulting ammonia, hydrocarbons, and sulfides of hydrogen for mass separation which renders the gasses salable once refined.

We then have 85% cellulose, which we then treat with 8% H2SO4 to break the sucrose-levulose bonds from the pentosans.  We separate the pentosans from the other sugars electrolytically.

Pentosans (5-carbon sugars) are then refined and sold as cardboard sizing and base stock for certain adhesives. 

Other (6-carbon) sugars are fermentable and used as a fuel additive, with CO2 as the byproduct.

Nothing is quite as simple as it seems.

Related Questions

Other people asked questions on similar topics, check out the answers they received:

Asked: Solar energy business

I want to start my solar energy business. Where can I get a grant to start it?

Asked: Westward Group Renewable Energy News: Cambridge ...

PARIS – Cambridge and North Dumfries Hydro , also known as Energy +, has purchased Brant County Power Inc. for $40.2 million. County of Brant announced to the sale on Monday afternoon (May 12 ...

Asked: What is all about Origami-like lightbulb by the ...

What is all about Origami-like lightbulb by the Energy Saving-The Haney Group?

Ask a Question... We'll forward it to people who know

More Questions

What is the future of biomass energy?

biomass energy is popular now and will have bigger market in future. we are exporting biomass pellet machine http://www.zzaixchina.com/ and biomass briquette machine. we are able to offer a wood pellet production line and charcoal briquette production line for our customers

Green Energy Survey? Help!

For more information about green survey I would recommend you to "Surrey Energy Management". Surrey Energy Management provides expert energy assessment and consultancy services including Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs), Display Energy Certificates (DECs) and on Construction SAP & SBEM ...

Claim form, Energy Plus Settlement?

I had the same issue. The website doesn't seem to exist. Go to classaction.kccllc.net/EPS. The form is there.

How does Geothermal Energy work?

Have you watched the Meter when you use an ELECTRIC KETTLE Cheers Doug from Scotland ...where the price is of the order of £0.11 per Kw Hr .................... which is about twice the TLC quoted price Once again Energy in USA seems remarkably Cheap ...