What is the difference between a long vowel sound ...

What is the difference between a long vowel sound and a short vowel sound?  For example: Bandage and Famous.

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A long vowel says the name if the letter... for example the letter "a" sounds just like the name of the letter when you say the word "famous."  However, a short vowel just says the sound, aaaahh, eeeehhh, eeeeyyyy, oooohhh, uuuuuuu.... so "bandage" is a good example of how the "a" sound is short.  You can hear the difference between the way the "a" is pronounced in the 2 words.

We're not retreating... we're advancing in another direction. -General Douglas MacArthur

can anyone please tell me a good way helping me when reading a word how can i distinguish between long and short vowels ? i wanna know when to pronounce (a,o,u,e,i) as long or short?

One rule is for a word that has the pattern vowel, consonant, final e then the vowel is long and the final e is silent.  If it ends in consonant, vowel, consonant then the vowel is short.  So bar is short, bare has a long a.  Bus is short, fuse has a long u.  Win is short, wine has a long i.  Ton is short, tone has a long o.

A tricky word is the.  It usually has a vowel soud of "uh", but if it comes before a vowel sound it gets a long e.  So the bus is short, but the angel has a long e in the.  The honor also gets a long e because the h is silent; the horse has the "uh" vowel in the.

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